Everywhere you go, flowers are blossoming! In the mountains, on the plains, around the corners of our neighborhood, they offer so much beauty and charm of the nature. Among them, these two flowers probably catch your eyes quite a lot: the tall Matilija Poppy (Romneya coulteri), and the splendid, golden California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica). Together, they are a tale of two flowers.
Voting for the State Flower of California
In 1893, the California State Floral Society met to vote on the state flower of California. There were 3 contenders: the Matilija Poppy, the California Poppy, and Mariposa Lily. All native to California.
The result: California Poppy received all the votes except for 3, which went to Mariposa Lily. The California Poppy was determined to be California’s state flower. A decade later, in 1903, legislature made the title official. Here is a California Scenic Highway sign with the California Poppy.
Two Flowers, Great Plants for a California Friendly Garden
Both Motilija Poppy and California Poppy are beautiful California native plants that are drought tolerant, making them great choices for a water efficient garden.
Matilija Poppy is native to dry, sunny environments in Southern California and Baja California. The flower, like a fried egg (“Fried Egg Flower”, another name of Matilija Poppy) is one of the biggest of any species native to California. The flowers usually begin from early spring and can last until late summer.
Matilija Poppy is tough and very drought tolerant, can survive in most of the soil conditions. It can grow to be 7 feet tall and 28 feet wide. If there are some spaces needed to be filled in the garden, the Matilija Poppy can be a good contender.
In this garden, the Matilija Poppies are planted near the window. When fully grown, they can become a shield for privacy and hot sunlight.
The California Poppy is 4 to 12 inches tall. They bloom in spring, adding their bright golden or yellow color to any garden. It is drought tolerant and easy to grow. Here, the green foliage and yellow flowers decorate the dry creek bed of this water efficient garden very nicely.
Vote on Your Favorite California Flower
Now you have a chance to vote on your favorite California flower. These 4 flowers are all California natives. In addition to the Matilija Poppy and California Poppy introduced above, the other two are California Lilac (Cean0thus) and Lupine (Lupinus). They are all drought tolerant plants great for a California friendly garden.
Which one is your favorite?
- Matilija Poppy
- California Poppy
- California Lilac